Smokefree Publications

Smokefree.gov resources have been included in numerous academic research studies that have resulted in important findings published in various peer-reviewed journals.

Smoking Cessation Research

Coa, K.I., Wiseman, K.P., Higgins, B., & Augustson E. (2018). Associations between Engagement and Outcomes in the SmokefreeTXT Program: A Growth Mixture Modeling Analysis. Nicotine & Tobacco Research, doi: 10.1093/ntr/nty073.

Bricker, J. B., Mull, K. E., McClure, J. B., Watson N. L., & Heffner J. L. (2017). Improving Quit Rates of Web-Delivered Interventions for Smoking Cessation: Full Scale Randomized Trial of WebQuit.org versus Smokefree.govAddiction. Advance online publication. doi: 10.1111/add.14127.

Augustson, E., Engelgau, M. M., Shu, Z., Ying, C., Cher, W., Richun, L., & ... Bromberg, J. E. (2017). Text to Quit China: An mHealth smoking cessation trial. American Journal of Health Promotion, 31(3), 217-225.

Collins, B. N., & Lepore, S. J. (2017). Babies Living Safe & Smokefree: Randomized controlled trial of a multilevel multimodal behavioral intervention to reduce low-income children's tobacco smoke exposureBMC Public Health17(1), 249. doi:10.1186/s12889-017-4145-7

Hoeppner, B.B., Hoeppner, S.S., & Abroms L.C. (2017). How do text-messaging smoking cessation interventions confer benefit? A multiple mediation analysis of Text2QuitAddiction, 112(4): 673-682.

Pechmann, C., Delucchi, K., Lakon, C.M., & Prochaska, J.J. (2017). Randomised controlled trial evaluation of Tweet2Quit: A social network quit-smoking interventionTobacco Control, 26: 188-194.

Ramo, D., Thrul, J., Delucchi, K., Hall, S.M., Ling, P., Belohlavek, A., Zhao, S., Han, B., & Prochaska J. (2017). The tobacco status project: Three month outcomes for a randomized controlled trial of a Facebook smoking cessation intervention for young adultsDrug and Alcohol Dependence, 171: e173.

Watson, N.L., Heffner, J.L., McClure, J.B., Mull, K.E., & Bricker J.L. (2017). Differential prevalence of established risk factors for poor cessation outcomes among smokers by level of social anxietyThe American Journal on Addictions, 26(2):176-182.

Yu, S., Duan, Z., Redmon, P. B., Eriksen, M. P., Koplan, J. P., & Huang, C. (2017). mHealth intervention is effective in creating smoke-free homes for newborns: A randomized controlled trial study in ChinaScientific Reports, 7(1).

Christofferson, D.E., Hertzberg, J.S., Beckham, J.C., Dennis, P.A. & Hamlett-Berry K. (2016). Engagement and abstinence among users of a smoking cessation text message program for veteransAddictive Behaviors, 62: 47-53.

Squiers, L., Brown, D., Parvanta, S., Dolina, S., Kelly, B., Dever, J., Southwell, B.G., Sanders, A., & Augustson E. (2016). The SmokefreeTXT (SFTXT) Study: Web and mobile data collection to evaluate smoking cessation for young adultsJMIR Research Protocols, 5(2): e134.

Squiers, L.B., Augustson, E., Brown, D., Kelly, B., Southwell, B., Dever, J., Dolina, S., Tzeng, J., Parvanta, S., Holt, S., Sanders, A., Zulkiewicz, B., & Hunt Y. (2016). An experimental comparison of mobile texting programs to help young adults quit smoking. Health Systems, 6(1): 1-14.

Jones, H.A., Heffner, J.L., Mercer, L., Wyszynski, C.M., Vilardaga, R., & Bricker J.B. (2015). Web-based acceptance and commitment therapy smoking cessation treatment for smokers with depressive symptomsJournal of Dual Diagnosis, 11(1): 56-62.

Ramo, D. E., Thrul, J., Delucchi, K.L., Ling, P.M., Hall, S.M., & Prochaska J.J. (2015). The Tobacco Status Project (TSP): Study protocol for a randomized controlled trial of a Facebook smoking cessation intervention for young adultsBMC Public Health, 15: 897.

Schindler-Ruwisch, J., Augustson, E., Lynch, K., & Patrick H. (2015). BMI and smoking: interrelated factors among cessation website usersAmerican Journal of Health Behavior, 39(3): 330-337.

Abroms, L.C., Boal, A.L., Simmens, S.J., Mendel, J.A., & Windsor R.A. (2014). A randomized trial of Text2Quit: a text messaging program for smoking cessationJournal of Preventive Medicine, 47(3): 242-250.

Fraser, D., Kobinsky, K., Smith, S.S., Kramer, J., & Theobald W.E. (2014). Five population-based interventions for smoking cessation: A MOST trialTranslational Behavioral Medicine, 4 (4): 382-390.

Bricker, J., Wyszynski, C., Comstock, B., & Heffner J.L. (2013). Pilot randomized controlled trial of web-based acceptance and commitment therapy for smoking cessationNicotine & Tobacco Research, 15(10): 1756-1764.

Collins, L.M., Baker, T.B., Mermelstein, R.J., Piper, M.E., Jorenby, D.E., Smith, S.S., Christiansen, B.A., Schlam, T.R., Cook, J.W., & Fiore M.C. (2011). The multiphase optimization strategy for engineering effective tobacco use interventionsAnnals of Behavioral Medicine, 41(2): 208-226.

Developments in mHealth Research

Pugatch, J., Grenen, E., Surla, S., Schwarz, M., & Cole-Lewis H. (2018). Information architecture of web-based interventions to improve health outcomes: Systematic review. Journal of Medical Internet Research, 20(3): e97.

Coa, K.I., Augustson, E., & Kaufman A. (2017). The impact of weight and weight-related perceptions on smoking status among young adults in a text-messaging smoking cessation programNicotine & Tobacco Research, 0(0):1-6.

Grau, L.E., Pham, T., O’Leary, T., Weiss, J., Toll, B., & Bernstein S.L. (2017). Smokers’ perspectives on texting for tobacco dependence treatment: A qualitative analysisNicotine & Tobacco Research, 19(3): 307-313.

Hoeppner, B.B., Hoeppner, S.S., & Abroms L.C. (2017). How do text-messaging smoking cessation interventions confer benefit? A multiple mediation analysis of Text2QuitAddiction, 112(4): 673-682.

Pechmann, C., Delucchi, K., Lakon, C.M., & Prochaska, J.J. (2017). Randomised controlled trial evaluation of Tweet2Quit: A social network quit-smoking interventionTobacco Control, 26: 188-194.

Yu, S., Duan, Z., Redmon, P. B., Eriksen, M. P., Koplan, J. P., & Huang, C. (2017). mHealth intervention is effective in creating smoke-free homes for newborns: A randomized controlled trial study in ChinaScientific Reports, 7(1).

Bernstein, S.L., Rosner, J. & Toll B. (2016). A multicomponent intervention including texting to promote tobacco abstinence in emergency department smokers: A pilot studyAcademic Emergency Medicine, 23(7): 803-808.

Coa, K. and Patrick, H. (2016). Baseline motivation type as a predictor of dropout in a healthy eating text messaging programJMIR Mhealth and Uhealth, 4(3): e114.

Kim, A., Hansen, H., Duke, J., Davis, K., Alexander, R., Rowland, A., & Mitchko J. (2016). Does digital ad exposure influence information-seeking behavior online? Evidence from the 2012 Tips from Former Smokers national tobacco prevention campaignJournal of Medical Internet Research, 18(3): e64.

Squiers, L., Brown, D., Parvanta, S., Dolina, S., Kelly, B., Dever, J., Southwell, B.G., Sanders, A., & Augustson E. (2016). The SmokefreeTXT (SFTXT) Study: Web and mobile data collection to evaluate smoking cessation for young adultsJMIR Research Protocols, 5(2): e134.

Squiers, L.B., Augustson, E., Brown, D., Kelly, B., Southwell, B., Dever, J., Dolina, S., Tzeng, J., Parvanta, S., Holt, S., Sanders, A., Zulkiewicz, B., & Hunt Y. (2016). An experimental comparison of mobile texting programs to help young adults quit smoking. Health Systems, 6(1): 1-14.

Stoyneva, I., Coa, K., Pugatch, J., Sanders, A., Schwarz, M., & Cole-Lewis H. (2016). SmokefreeTXT behavior change technique analysis. Journal of Smoking Cessation, Published First Online: [20 December, 2016].

Abroms, L.C., Whittaker, R., Free, C., Van Alstyne J.M., & Schindler-Ruwisch J.M. (2015). Developing and pretesting a text messaging program for health behavior change: Recommended stepsJMIR Mhealth Uhealth, 3(4): e017.

Abroms, L., Hershcovitz, R., Boal, A., & Levine H. (2015). Feasibility and acceptability of a text messaging program for smoking cessation in IsraelJournal of Health Communication, 20: 903-909.

Cole-Lewis, H., Pugatch, J., Sanders, A., Varghese, A., Posada, S., Yun, C., Schwarz, M., & Augustson E. (2015). Social listening: A content analysis of e-cigarette discussions on TwitterJournal of Medical Internet Research, 117(10: e243.

Cole-Lewis, H., Varghese, A., Sanders, A., Schwarz, M., Pugatch, J., & Augustson A. (2015). Assessing electronic cigarette-related tweets for sentiment and content using supervised machine learningJournal of Medical Internet Research, 17(8): e208.

Davis, K. C., Alexander, R. J., Shafer, P., Mann, N., Malarcher, A., & Zhang, L. (2015). The dose–response relationship between tobacco education advertising and calls to quitlines in the United States, March–June, 2012Preventing Chronic Disease: Public Health Research, Practice, And Policy12

Heffner, J.L., Vilardaga, R. Mercer, L.D., Kientz, J.A., & Bricker J.B. (2015). Feature-level analysis of a novel smartphone application for smoking cessationThe American Journal of Drug and Alcohol Abuse, 41(1): 68-73.

Bricker, J.B., Mull, K.E., Kientz, J.A., Vilardaga, R., Mercer, L.D., Akioka, K.J., & Heffner J. L. (2014). Randomized, controlled pilot trial of a smartphone app for smoking cessation using acceptance and commitment therapyDrug and Alcohol Dependence, 143: 87-94.

Businelle M.S. (2014). The potential of mHealth for tobacco dependence treatment: Domestic and international examples from NCI’s Smokefree.gov InitiativeNicotine & Tobacco Research, 16(7): 1033.

Emery, S. L., Szczypka, G., Abril, E. P., Kim, Y., & Vera, L. (2014). Are you scared yet? Evaluating fear appeal messages in tweets about the Tips campaignJournal of Communication64(2), 278-295. doi:10.1111/jcom.12083

Zeng, E.Y., Vilardaga, R., Heffner, J.L., Mull, K.E., & Bricker J.L. (2014). Predictors of utilization of a novel smoking cessation smartphone appTelemedicine and e-Health, 21(12).

Heffner, J.L., Wyszynski, C.M., Comstock, B., Mercer, L.D., & Bricker J. (2013). Overcoming recruitment challenges of web-based interventions for tobacco use: The case of web-based acceptance and commitment therapy for smoking cessationAddictive Behaviors, 38(10): 2473-2476.

McAfee, T., Davis, K., Alexander R.L., Pechacek, T.F., & Bunnell, R. (2013). Effect of the first federally funded US antismoking national media campaignThe Lancet, 382(9909), 2003-2011.

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (2012). Increases in quitline calls and smoking cessation website visitors during a national tobacco education campaign—March 19-June 10, 2012. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report, 61(34): 667-670.

Finney Rutten, L.J., Davis, K., Squiers, L., Augustson, E., & Blake K. (2011). Physician awareness and referral to national smoking cessation quitlines and web-based resourcesJournal of Cancer Education, 26(1): 79-81.

Stoddard, J. L., Augustson, E. M., & Mabry P. L. (2006). The importance of usability testing in the development of an internet-based smoking cessation treatment resourceNicotine & Tobacco Research, 8(Suppl. 1): S87-S93.

User Engagement

Wiseman, K. P., Coa, K. I., & Prutzman, Y. M. (2019). Predictors of Retention in an Adult Text Messaging Smoking Cessation Intervention Program: Cohort Study. JMIR Mhealth Uhealth. 1;7(8):e13712.

Sanders, A., Robinson, C., Taylor, S. C., Post, S. D., Goldfarb, J., Shi, R., . . . Augustson, E. M. (2017). Using a media campaign to increase engagement with a mobile-based youth smoking cessation program. Am J Health Promot.

Christofferson, D.E., Hertzberg, J.S., Beckham, J.C., Dennis, P.A. & Hamlett-Berry K. (2016). Engagement and abstinence among users of a smoking cessation text message program for veteransAddictive Behaviors, 62: 47-53.

Cole-Lewis, H., Augustson, E., Sanders, A., Schwarz, M., Geng, Y., Coa, K., & Hunt Y. (2016). Analysing user-reported data for enhancement of SmokefreeTXT: A national text message smoking cessation interventionTobacco Control, Published Online First: [22 November 2016].

Cole-Lewis, H., Perotte, A., Galica, K., Dreyer, L., Griffith, C., Schwarz, M., Yun, C., Patrick, H., Coa, K., & Augustson E. (2016). Social network behavior and engagement within a smoking cessation Facebook pageJournal of Medical Internet Research, 18(8):e205.

Taber, J.M., Klein, W.M., Ferrer, R.A., Augustson, E., & Patrick H. (2016). A pilot test of self-affirmations to promote smoking cessation in a national smoking cessation text messaging programJMIR Mhealth Uhealth, 4(2):e71.

Zeng, E.Y., Vilardaga, R., Heffner, J.L., Mull, K.E., & Bricker J.L. (2014). Predictors of utilization of a novel smoking cessation smartphone appTelemedicine and e-Health, 21(12).

Bricker, J., Wyszynski, C., Comstock, B., & Heffner J.L. (2013). Pilot randomized controlled trial of web-based acceptance and commitment therapy for smoking cessationNicotine & Tobacco Research, 15(10): 1756-1764.

Post, S.D., Taylor, S.C., Sanders, A.E., Goldfarb, J.M., Hunt, Y.M., & Augustson E.M. (2013). If you build (and moderate) it, they will come: The Smokefree Women Facebook pageJournal of the National Cancer Institute Monogram, (47): 206-208.

Stoddard J., Augustson, E., & Moser R. (2008). Effect of adding a virtual community (bulletin board) to Smokefree.gov: Randomized controlled trialJournal of Medical Internet Research, 10(5):e53.

Special Populations

Cameron, L.D., Durazo, A., Ramírez, A.S., Corona, R., Ulteras, M., & Piva S. (2017). Cultural and linguistic adaptation of a healthy diet text message intervention for Hispanic adults living in the United StatesJournal of Health Communication, 22(3): 262-273.

Collins, B. N., & Lepore, S. J. (2017). Babies Living Safe & Smokefree: Randomized controlled trial of a multilevel multimodal behavioral intervention to reduce low-income children's tobacco smoke exposureBMC Public Health17(1), 249. doi:10.1186/s12889-017-4145-7

Coa, K.I., Augustson, E., & Kaufman A. (2017). The impact of weight and weight-related perceptions on smoking status among young adults in a text-messaging smoking cessation programNicotine & Tobacco Research, 0(0):1-6.

Ramo, D., Thrul, J., Delucchi, K., Hall, S.M., Ling, P., Belohlavek, A., Zhao, S., Han, B., & Prochaska J. (2017). The tobacco status project: Three month outcomes for a randomized controlled trial of a Facebook smoking cessation intervention for young adults. Drug and Alcohol Dependence, 171: e173.

Christofferson, D.E., Hertzberg, J.S., Beckham, J.C., Dennis, P.A. & Hamlett-Berry K. (2016). Engagement and abstinence among users of a smoking cessation text message program for veteransAddictive Behaviors, 62: 47-53.

Christofferson, D. E., Hamlett-Berry, K., & Augustson, E. (2015). Suicide prevention referrals in a mobile health smoking cessation interventionAmerican Journal of Public Health105(8), e7-e9.

Jones, H.A., Heffner, J.L., Mercer, L., Wyszynski, C.M., Vilardaga, R., & Bricker J.B. (2015). Web-based acceptance and commitment therapy smoking cessation treatment for smokers with depressive symptomsJournal of Dual Diagnosis, 11(1): 56-62.

Ramo, D. E., Thrul, J., Delucchi, K.L., Ling, P.M., Hall, S.M., & Prochaska J.J. (2015). The Tobacco Status Project (TSP): Study protocol for a randomized controlled trial of a Facebook smoking cessation intervention for young adultsBMC Public Health, 15: 897.